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Thursday, April 28, 2011

Skype in Ubuntu 11.4 32 and 64 bit

Skype for Linux now is officially in the Ubuntu repository after Lucid just by enable partner repo. Also there’s an alternative if you want to try the latest version on your machine, and following is how to do it.
First, open up a terminal window under Applications -> Accessories -> Terminal to type commands. Run following to install dependences:
sudo apt-get install libqt4-dbus libqt4-network libqt4-xml libasound2

Then, download Skype from the official site: Or use wget command in CLI:

for 32-bit

for 64-bit

Finally, install Skype with the command:
sudo dpkg -i skype-*.deb
sudo apt-get -f install

Ubuntu 11.4 with classical GNOME menu

Ubuntu 11.04 Natty uses Unity as default desktop environment, but this by no means the classic Gnome 2 desktop has been discarded. If you prefer this classic gnome desktop, you can do follow steps:
1.) At Ubuntu 11.04 login screen, choose login to “ubuntu classic”.
2.) Right click on “main menu”, “global menu” at top left screen and uncheck “lock to panel”, then select to “remove from panel”
3.) Right click on top panel, choose “add to panel” and then add “menu bar”.
Now you’re in Ubuntu 11.04 with classic gnome desktop!

Connect Ipad and Ipod with Ubuntu

on this site i found this solution

For many geeky, professional or casual tech users, the desktop serves as a hub and docking station for their mobile devices. Until recently, the lack of smartphone and/or MP3 player support was one of the largest barriers to full-time adoption of Linux. With the most recent releases of Ubuntu, that is no longer an issue. You can use Ubuntu to sync your iPhone and other iOS devices in Linux, giving you one more compelling reason to kiss iTunes goodbye.
Read on to learn how to add and remove songs, podcasts and playlists to your iPhone in Linux.

Updating Libimobiledevice

The magic that makes iPhone syncing in Ubuntu possible is a software library called libimobiledevice. In fact, this is the crux of any Linux program that interfaces with an iOS device. Libimobiledevice is included in Ubuntu 10.10, Maverick Meerkat, but it stops working once you upgrade to iOS 4.2. No big deal, you just have to upgrade your libimobiledevice package.
To do this, you’ll need to add the developer’s PPA (Personal Package Archive). This can be done in Terminal.
Note: This step is necessary if you get the error message:
Unable to mount iPhone_ org.freedesktop.DBus.Error.NoReply DBus error: MESSAGE DID NOT RECEIVE A REPLY (TIMEOUT MESSAGE BY BUS)
when you try to mount your iPhone. While you may or may not receive this message, it’s a good idea to complete this section so you’ll be ready for the next iOS/libimobiledevice update.

Step One

Launch Terminal. Find it in Applications > Accessories.

Step Two

sudo add-apt-repository ppa:pmcenery/ppa
When prompted, enter your password.
iPhone/iPod support in Linux
This will add the Launchpad PPA for Paul McEnery (the libimobiledevice developer), allowing you to update your existing libimobiledevice package using apt-get.

Step Three

Next, type:
sudo apt-get update
Getting iPhone to Mount in Ubuntu
This will update your package index, including the PPA you just added.

Step Four

sudo apt-get dist-upgrade
ubuntu rhythmbox and iphone/ipod touch

This will upgrade libimobiledevice to your current version.

Syncing Your iPhone in Rhythmbox

At this juncture, you should be able to plug-in your iPhone via USB and have it sync to any music library in Ubuntu. For now, let’s take a look at the default music player: Rhythmbox.
Note: For this tutorial, we’ll just be exploring the bare essentials of Rhythmbox. We’ll go more in-depth with Rhythmbox and other Ubuntu music players in later groovyPosts.

Manually Managing Songs and Podcasts on your iPhone

Just as with iTunes, you have the option to add songs and podcasts one at a time on your iPhone or sync your library automatically. Here’s how to do the former:

Step One

Launch Rhythmbox. Find it in Applications > Sound and Video > Rhythmbox Music Player.

Step Two

Connect your iPhone via USB. It will appear under Devices.

iphone in ubuntu's rhythmbox

Step Three

Click Music in your computer’s library. Browse for songs to add to your iPhone. Sync them to your iPhone by Dragging and Dropping onto your iPhone’s icon under devices.
Copying Songs to/from iPhone in Ubuntu
You can also copy songs from your iPhone to your computer by Dragging and Dropping them from your iPhone into your library.  (Take that iTunes!).

Step Four

To add podcasts, do the exact same thing, except from the Podcasts section of your library.
Syncing Ubuntu iPhone

Step Five

To delete content from your iPhone, Right-click a song and choose Delete.

Automatically Syncing your iPhone in Rhythmbox

Automatically syncing your iPhone will keep your local library, or a select few playlists, and your iPhone’s music library synced. As with iTunes, this means that it will delete content from your iPhone that doesn’t exist on your local computer–so make sure that you have everything backed up locally before you sync your iPhone automatically for the first time.

Step One

With your iPhone connected, Right-click its icon under Devices and choose Sync with Library. Don’t worry–you’ll have a chance to set up your preferences before anything gets deleted.

Step Two

Choose whether you want to sync your Music, your Podcasts or both. You can expand either of these options to choose specific podcast feeds or playlists to sync.
Rhythmbox and iPhone in Ubuntu

Step Three

Pay close attention to how many files will be removed. Rhythmbox will give you a breakdown of how your storage space will be used up before and after. If there is more content being removed than you anticipated, you may want to review your selections.
ubuntu rhythmbox iphone
If you have no trepidations about what will be added or removed from your iPhone, go ahead and Click Sync with the device. Now, whenever you plug in your iPhone, Rhythmbox will automatically sync your songs according to these settings.


Libimobiledevices and Rhythmbox allows you to do basic syncing of music and podcasts to your iPhone. Obviously, there are some limitations here. You can’t do apps or anything else that deals with proprietary Apple services, such as iTunes or the Apple App Store. You also can’t manage contacts with Rhythmbox, as you can with iTunes. But for day-to-day syncing and adding/removing of songs and podcasts, Rhythmbox is more than enough.  The good news is that Ubuntu is serious about supporting mobile devices and smartphones. There are a few apps available that utilize the Mobile One cloud services for streaming content on your phone (similar to Amazon Cloud Player and SugarSync) and syncing of your contacts. 
For now, thanks to this native iPhone support in Ubuntu, there’s one less reason to boot back into OS X or Windows. And for anyone who’s trying to go Linux full-time, that’s a very groovy thing.

Connect Ipad with Ubuntu

I have a 16GB iPad (iOS 4.2.1) without jailbreak and used to manage musics and photos with iTunes in Windows. I just have tried to sync iPad in my Ubuntu 10.10 64-bit.

When I first plugged in iPad via USB, an error window pop up with “DBus error org.freedesktop.DBus.Error.NoReply: Message did not receive a reply…”, then I fixed it and got iPad to sync with gtkpod(Rhythmbox works too) by upgrading “libimobiledevice” to the latest.

1.) Check libimobiledevice version in System -> Administration -> Synaptic Package Manager, it’s recommended to uninstall libimobiledevice0 if installed.

2.) Add ppa:pmcenery/ppa and install the latest libimobiledevice1 package. Use the commands:

sudo add-apt-repository ppa:pmcenery/ppa
sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install libimobiledevice1

Now, plug-in your iTouch or iPad device and it should appear in gtkpod(Rhythmbox):

Thanks to xlash from posted the solution.

Things you could do after installing meercat

After reading this site I did this:

Update Repositories
  • Every time you install a brand new Ubuntu, the first thing you need to do is to update repositories and make sure you have the latest updates installed. 
  • Goto System - Administration - Synaptic Package Manager and hit 'Reload' button OR simply do the following in Terminal.
sudo apt-get update 
sudo apt-get upgrade
Install Ubuntu Restricted Extras
  • Install the "ubuntu-restricted-extras" package. This will enable your Ubuntu to play popular file formats like mp3, avi etc. Click Here or use the command below to install the package.
sudo apt-get install ubuntu-restricted-extras
Enable Full DVD Playback Including Dual Layer DVD's
  • Though installing the restricted extras package will solve most of your problems, you may not be able to play encrypted commercial and dual layer dvds yet in your Ubuntu. 
  • For that, you need to install libdvdcss2 package from medibuntu repositories. Simply do the following in Terminal. (Only works after enabling the medibuntu repository)
sudo wget --output-document=/etc/apt/sources.list.d/medibuntu.list$(lsb_release -cs).list 
sudo apt-get --quiet update 
sudo apt-get --yes --quiet --allow-unauthenticated install medibuntu-keyring
sudo apt-get --quiet update
sudo apt-get install libdvdcss2

Check For Availability of Proprietary Hardware Drivers

  • In my case, all the hardware drivers including graphics and wireless drivers weren't enabled automatically.
  • Simply goto System - Administration - Hardware Drivers and check whether there are any drivers available and activate the ones you want. In 90% of the cases, this will do the trick. Those who were not able to get their hardware drivers enabled yet will have to do fair amount of digging through ubuntuforums.
Install Compiz Config Settings Manager

  • Compiz desktop effects are available in your Ubuntu by default and if you have any kind of 3D acceleration available(graphics driver ie), you are good to go with Compiz.  
  • Now to tweak compiz the way you want, Install "compizconfig-settings-manager". Click here or do the following in Terminal to install "compizconfig-settings-manager".
sudo apt-get install compizconfig-settings-manager
Goto System - Preferences - CompizConfig Settings Manager.


    nautilus elementary ppa

      • To install Nautilus Elementary in Ubuntu Maverick, do the following in Terminal.
      sudo add-apt-repository ppa:am-monkeyd/nautilus-elementary-ppa
      sudo apt-get update 
      sudo apt-get upgrade
      nautilus -q


      You can update your system with unsupported packages from this untrusted PPA by adding ppa:stellarium/stellarium-releases to your system's Software Sources.

      If you're using the most recent version of Ubuntu (or any version from Ubuntu 9.10 onwards), you can add a PPA to your system with a single line in your terminal:

      sudo add-apt-repository ppa:stellarium/stellarium-releases  
      sudo apt-get update 
      sudo apt-get install stellarium

      Firefox 4.0

      Ubuntu 10.04 and 10.10 users wanting to upgrade to the latest release of Mozilla Firefox can do so by adding the Firefox Stable PPA to their system sources.

      To do this, open up the Ubuntu Software Center, head to Edit > Software Sources and click the ‘Other Software’ tab. Press ‘Add’ and then paste ppa:mozillateam/firefox-stable into the relevant field.
      After adding the PPA you will be prompted to update your sources. Once done you can head to System > Administration > Update Manager to perform an upgrade

      Alternatively you can do the above via the Terminal (Applications > Terminal).  Just enter the following two commands separately, entering your password when asked: - 

      sudo add-apt-repository ppa:mozillateam/firefox-stable  
      sudo apt-get update 
      sudo apt-get upgrade

      extra languages kan be downloaded here:
      for 32 bit or here
      for 64 bit systems

      The Extra Applications I Installed

      Some of the applications that I regularly use in Ubuntu are not available by default. And all of them are available in the default Ubuntu 10.10 repo.

      xsane (easier scanner GUI)  
      GFTP (Easy file transfer)
      Samba (to share folders on your local network)
      Eye of Gnome plugins,  (to make EoG better)
      Exaile music player,  (An easy to use music player)
      Sound Juicer (cd rip tool)
      VLC DVD player (A very versatile media player. It plays anything)
      Audacity (The best audio editor)
      The GIMP (The GNU Image Manipulation Program)
      Keepassx (Manage your passwords crossplatform)
      Chromium web Browser (The open source version of Chrome, the Firefox alternative)
      Stellarium  (Your own planetarium allready installed if you did anbove)

      Kompozer (To make HTML pages with wysiwig)
      Mozilla Thunderbird  (Read and write email)
      Grsync (Sync directories in your system)
      Klibido (Read usenet binaries)
      Gwenview a kde viewer
      Geeqie another versalite viewer 
      Thunar the XCFE filebrowswer with an awesome batch rename function
      PDFshuffler split and merge pdf files 
      fcrackzip to crack ZIP passwords
      k9copy copy DVD's and reduce them to max 4.5 Gb
      k3b a versatile CD and DVD burning tool.

      Install them using a terminal with this command:
      sudo apt-get install k3b k9copy gftp fcrackzip pdfshuffler sound-juicer thunar gwenview geeqie gparted system-config-samba xsane eog-plugins exaile vlc audacity gimp keepassx stellarium chromium-browser kompozer thunderbird grsync klibido

      And some games for the children:

      sudo apt-get install gcompris kbreakout kollision ktuberling ktron kspaceduel planets frozen-bubble supertux supertuxkart  extremetuxracer gnome-breakout  pacman torcs micropolis lincity-ng  pychess

      Install Dutch language using a terminal with this command:

      sudo apt-get install gimp-help-nl kde-l10n-nl kdevplatform-l10n-nl language-pack-kde-nl-base  language-pack-kde-nl childsplay-alphabet-sounds-nl chromium-browser-l10n gcompris-sound-nl thunderbird-locale-nl 

      Back in time backup software

      sudo add-apt-repository ppa:bit-team/stable 
      sudo apt-get update
      sudo apt-get install backintime-gnome

      To install Dockbarx to implement taskbar buttons like Win7 has

      sudo add-apt-repository ppa:dockbar-main/ppa 
      sudo apt-get update
      sudo apt-get install dockbarx
      Now add the dockbarX to your Gnome panel by right clicking on it an select it. After that remove the windowlist applet by right clicking right to the left of it and select the remove option. You may resize the Gnome panel by right clicking on it, select the properties and resize the panel.
      Furtherone you may need a PDF stitcher if pdfshuffler doesn't suit your needs:  Couturier
      You can download the .deb file and install this program. It offers the option of stitching PDF files into one larger file. Direct link
      Second direct link

      A nice wallpaper called Xplanet

      The DEB Packet is available via repository. Please keep in mind to never trust external repositories!  Even though I will never upload any shit to this repo I recomment the old scool way regardless: add the RSS to your favorite feed reader and fetch the package from the header of this website. The repository is signed (same goes for the packages, too) so you can be kind of “shure” that the stuff is what it is expected to be.
      sudo wget -O - | sudo apt-key add -
      echo "deb /" | sudo tee -a /etc/apt/sources.list
      sudo apt-get update
      sudo apt-get install xplanetFX

      If you want to download a .deb or a .rpm please go to:

      Early Feb 2011 there was a new release with many improvements. Some of these include: -
      • Consistency between tabs, padding and buttons used throughout
      • ‘Display’ now gives a more accurate preview of changes
      • ‘View’ Position widget has colour, a new grid, more
      • The application has a new Splash screen and application icon
      Amongst those changes come a few new features, notably: -
      • Ability to change corona blur
      • Star field can be zoomed
      • More shadow options
      • Faster rendering time


      The latest release of XPlanetFX, provided pre-packaged as a .deb, can be downloaded @
      Once installed the application can be launched the from the ‘Applications > Accessories’ sub-menu.


      This is a simple tool that allows you to search for PPAs and install them without hitting the terminal. It also allows you to manage (add/remove/purge) your existing PPAs with a few clicks.


      Open a terminal (hopefully this will be the last time you install PPA via the terminal) and type:
      sudo add-apt-repository ppa:webupd8team/y-ppa-manager
      sudo apt-get update
      sudo apt-get install y-ppa-manager
      Once installed, go to “Applications -> System Tools -> Y PPA Manager“.


      if you need the Closed source virtualbox read this and use this:

      Note: VirtualBox has been moved from non-free to contrib with 4.0, so please adjust your repository settings.
      Add one of the following lines according to your distribution to your /etc/apt/sources.list:
      deb maverick contrib
      deb lucid contrib
      deb karmic contrib
      deb jaunty contrib
      deb intrepid contrib
      deb hardy contrib
      deb squeeze contrib
      deb lenny contrib
      deb etch contrib

      The Oracle public key for apt-secure can be downloaded here. You can add this key with
      sudo apt-key add oracle_vbox.asc
      or combine downloading and registering: 
      sudo wget -q -O- | sudo apt-key add -

      The key fingerprint is
      7B0F AB3A 13B9 0743 5925  D9C9 5442 2A4B 98AB 5139
      Oracle Corporation (VirtualBox archive signing key) 

      (As of VirtualBox 3.2, the signing key was changed. The old Sun public key for apt-secure can be downloaded here.)

      To install VirtualBox, do
      sudo apt-get update
      sudo apt-get install virtualbox-4.0

      Replace virtualbox-4.0 by
      • virtualbox-3.2 to install VirtualBox 3.2.12
      • virtualbox-3.1 to install VirtualBox 3.1.8
      • virtualbox-3.0 to install VirtualBox 3.0.14
      • virtualbox-2.2 to install VirtualBox 2.2.4
      • virtualbox-2.1 to install VirtualBox 2.1.4
      • virtualbox-2.0 to install VirtualBox 2.0.12
      • virtualbox to install VirtualBox 1.6.6
      Note: Ubuntu/Debian users might want to install the dkms package to ensure that the VirtualBox host kernel modules (vboxdrv, vboxnetflt and vboxnetadp) are properly updated if the linux kernel version changes during the next apt-get upgrade. For Debian it is available in Lenny backports and in the normal repository for Squeeze and later. The dkms package can be installed through the Synaptic Package manager or through the following command:
      sudo apt-get install dkms

      What to do when experiencing The following signatures were invalid: BADSIG ... when refreshing the packages from the repository?
      # sudo -s -H
      # apt-get clean
      # rm /var/lib/apt/lists/*
      # rm /var/lib/apt/lists/partial/*
      # apt-get clean
      # apt-get update
      Indicator-Virtualbox offers a quick way to launch virtual machines via the desktop panel.

      Indicator virtualbox for Ubuntu
      The applet, created by astrapi, sits in your panel and, on opening, lists all the virtual machines configured in Virtualbox. Selecting an entry launches the machine without the need to call the main virtualbox window.

      The Indicator can be installed from astrapi‘s PPA

      sudo apt-get-repository ppa:michael-astrapi/ppa 
      sudo apt-get- update
      sudo apt-get install indicator-virtualbox

      To launch press ALT + F2 (or use Synapse) and type: -
      or add the indicator to the list of automatically started programs.

      Choqok Twitter client

      sudo add-apt-repository ppa:neversfelde/experimental
      sudo apt-get update
      sudo apt-get-install choqok 

      Openshot video editor

      To install OpenShot 1.3.0 in Ubuntu 9.10 or higher add the following PPA to your software sources: -
      sudo add-apt-repository ppa:jonoomph/openshot-edge
      sudo apt-get update && sudo apt-get install openshot

      Grub Customizer for customizing Grub2

      sudo add-apt-repository ppa:danielrichter2007/grub-customizer
      sudo apt-get update
      sudo apt-get install grub-customizer

      Grub Customizer will now show up in the Applications/System Tools menu.

      Redent NotifyOSD in Ubuntu,

      sudo add-apt-repository ppa:jconti/recent-notifications
      sudo apt-get update
      sudo apt-get install recent-notifications
      To use it, you have to right click on the panel and select “Add to Panel” From the window that pop up, select “Recent Notification”.
      You should now see a new applet in your Gnome panel.
      Simply click the applet and it will show a window with all your past notification 

      Configure Unity 2d settings via a GUI

      On the Howto geek site I read this article:

      Are you looking for an easy way to tweak the settings for Unity 2D on your Ubuntu 11.04 system? Then we have the perfect app to share with you. Mariano Chavero has created a simple, easy to use GUI app that will let you tweak Unity 2D’s settings in just moments.
      To get started download the appropriate version for your computer (32 or 64 bit) and install the .deb file using the Ubuntu Software Center.
      Once the installation has been completed just do a quick search by entering “2D” to find and launch the app. Make any desired changes and close the window when done…the changes are automatically applied.
      Mariano has also listed some odd problems that you may experience while using this app and the work-arounds for them.

      Friday, April 22, 2011

      Is your laptop stolen? find it back with prey.

      Prey is software that enables you to track down your Ubuntu, Windows or even mac laptop or netbook. It's open source and the use of it is free when used for a couple of machines only.

      Go to and download and install the software. 

      After downloading make an account and you're done. You can use the software on android machines too. There are no blackberry and Iphone or Ipad versions yet.

      The free account lets you use prey on 3 machines. If you need more functions or more machines you need to pay. It's not really cheap. But to find your stolen laptop is a great idea.

      If you're dualbooting on a machine install it in both OS's. To do this, start by installing Prey on your first OS. Once you’re set, install it on the second OS by selecting the “Existing user” option. The installer will create a second device under your account. Delete it and copy the device key from the other device’s management page (the one created by the first install). Then you need to open up the config file on the second OS and replace the device_key for the one you just copied. That’s it. Now, when requesting reports or triggering actions, Prey will do its job regardless of the OS being run at that moment.

      Prey can only be uninstalled if the thief knows the administrator or super user password. To prevent him from doing so they encourage you to add a BIOS password and disable booting from removable devices on your PC, so that the thief will be forced to boot into the previous installation and thus, not be able to format your hard disk easily.
      If you have a Mac, there’s a firmware password utility on your Mac OS installation DVD. You can find it in in Applications/Utilities on the disc.

      make the unity bar autohide itself

      The original article is found here on maketecheasier

      One of the (most hated?) features in Ubuntu is the Unity theme that changed almost every aspect of the familiar GNOME environment that you are used to. You can’t add custom icons to the panel or to the system tray, you have to change your workflow and get used to the dash. To make it worst, you have to put up with a launcher bar that stays on the side and won’t go away until you place a window on top of it. While you won’t be able to change much of the interface, you can, however, change the behavior of the launcher bar and get it to go out of sight (autohide) when not in use. Here’s the way:

      1. Install Compiz Config Settings Manager (either via Ubuntu Software Center or Synaptic Package Manager).
      2. Once installed, press “Alt + F2″ and type “ccsm“.
      3. Scroll down the list until you see the icon “Ubuntu Unity Plugin”. Click on it.
      4. Under the “Reveal Mode” section. You should be able to see the option to hide launcher. You can select “Never”, “Autohide”, “Dodge Windows” or “Dodge Active Windows”.
      5. The default option is “Dodge Windows”, but you can change it to “Autohide”, or “Never” if you want the launcher to be always there. There is no confirmation button. Once you have made the change, just click the Back button, or close the Compiz app.
      That’s it. Your Unity Launcher bar should autohide itself when not in use. To retrieve it, simply move your mouse cursor to the left corner of the screen. It will take about 1 second for the launcher to appear again.

      Thursday, April 21, 2011

      How to control Skype from the Gnome message menu

      On OMG Ubuntu I  read this article:
      How to control Skype from the Gnome message menu
      This approach integrated your Skype contacts into your Empathy or Pidgin buddy list, but also told you how to 'hide' the lurid green icon from the system tray.
      Whilst many of you found this a neat tip a number of you weren't so keen to give up easy access to Skype itself and sought something a little less final – such as adding Skype to the Ubuntu Messaging Menu.
      Selection_003One reader, Bennett, preferred this solution too. He had a look around at current solutions but found many of them buggy or lacking integration. So after cloning some code by Andreas Happe, who no longer had an interest in maintaining his code,  he bettered it, added some new functions and sent in his resulting guide to us to share with OMG! Ubuntu! readers.
      He says:
      "Currently all this program does is put Skype into the messaging menu (mono icon included). But, just that I find to be a big improvement because for the most part it now works exactly like any other messenger.
      In writing [it] I learned that a part of the problem why I found other solutions to be so buggy was that the Skype API is terrible on a 64-bit system and constantly crashes (this is a known bug according to the Skype4Py mailing list). The program I wrote handles the API crashes without the user noticing.
      Since i threw this together last night I used the Python Recipe to build the .deb.
      It's easy to build a deb like this, but causes errors on install. The errors/warnings can be safely ignored."

      How to add Skype to the Ubuntu Messaging Menu

      0. Install Skype @
      1. Download and install the .deb package* @
      2. Run the commands below in a Terminal to place a shortcut to Skype in the Messaging even when its not running (just like 'Chat' or 'Broadcast':

      • mkdir -p ~/.config/indicators/messages/applications/
      • cp /usr/share/skype-wrapper/skype ~/.config/indicators/messages/applications/skype
      Should you wish to later remove Skype from the menu use the following command CAREFULLY:
      • rm ~/.config/indicators/messages/applications/skype
      3. Remove Skype from the systray whitelist by entering the following command into a Terminal or Alt-F2 dialog: -
      • gsettings set com.canonical.Unity.Panel systray-whitelist "['JavaEmbeddedFrame', 'Mumble', 'Wine', 'hp-systray']"
      4. Log out/Log in
      5. Click the Messaging Menu icon, Click Skype.
      You will be promoted to 'allow' permission for the menu entry to work as intended.
      Skype API Authorisation Request_002
      Click yes and you're done: you can now close/minimize the Contact list and restore it using the messaging menu.
      This is a work in progress, but since it has some utility and it's fresh in eveyone's mind, I thought I'd get this out. I definitely plan on making the envelope go blue when messages appear and using osd-notify for everything else. It would be great if you could post this!
      A hearty thanks to Bennett
      *.deb packages "found" online should always be installed with caution

      How to Batch Convert and Resize Images with Converseen

      This article is from Make Tech Easier

      Converseen is a free and open source batch image converter and resizer. With it, you can quickly and easily convert your images to and from over 100 formats. It is based on Qt4, making it cross-platform, and it uses ImageMagick to handle the heavy lifting. Supported image formats include JPEG, PNG, EXR, SVG, Postscript, TIFF, PDF, and GIF.

      Converseen is easy to install and use and will have you on your way to converting and/or resizing your small or large collection of images in just a few simple steps.


      The Converseen website has binaries for the program available for Ubuntu, Fedora, and OpenSUSE, complete with installation instructions for each.

      To install in Ubuntu, type the following in a terminal:

      sudo add-apt-repository ppa:faster3ck/converseen sudo apt-get update sudo apt-get install converseen

      If you need to install it from source, follow these directions:

      tar -xvf converseen_0.x_src-tar.bz2 cd converseen_0.x qmake && make su make install

      Setup and Conversion

      Converseen main window

      Converseen's global settings only have two options, one for language and the other for giving you the option to either automatically overwrite images with the same names or "ask first".

      The first thing you should do to begin converting is to select the images you want to manipulate. Click "Open Images". In the file browser you can select more than one image in a directory by holding Ctrl and clicking each one, or select them all with Ctrl+A.  Click "Open" to add them. If you later need to add more, click the "Add Images" button instead.

      Converseen file dialog

      In the left column, you will see a preview of the selected image followed by settings to change resolution, dimensions, output directory, and batch name assignment for the new files. You can change dimensions using percentages or pixels. The "maintain aspect ratio" option allows you to set either a uniform height or width, while keeping the right aspect ratios for all images. If the output directory is the same as the current one, you will need to decide whether you want Converseen to overwrite the current files or create new ones. You can do this in the "Output Options" section.

      If you want to rename your files, check the "Rename" option and then enter the new naming scheme you want to use. By default it is "#_copy". That means, if the original is named Beach.jpg, the converted file will be named Beach_copy.jpg.

      To convert the images you have added, check the files you want in the batch or click "Check All". Then, select the image format you want from the dropdown menu. Be sure to click "Image settings" to configure any available features for that format.  JPEG and PNG formats will have "compression level" settings that will affect image quality and size.

      When you are satisfied with all of the settings and selected images, click "Convert". A dialog box will appear showing you how many files have been converted and if there were any errors. When it finishes, click "Close".

      Converseen conversion dialog

      Image Bliss

      Converting a large number of images can become time consuming. With Converseen you can let it do the work while you do something else. It also cuts down the number of steps since you can convert and resize images all in one swing. With such an easy tool, you will be in image bliss.

      Wednesday, April 20, 2011

      How to Create a Custom Windows Installation DVD or USB Install

      This one is for windows, but so neat That ubuntu users might once need it: It's from Lifehacker:

      When you need to reinstall Windows, you shouldn't have to spend an entire day installing years of updates, drivers, and necessary software along with it. Here's how to create a Windows installation disc (or USB stick) that's up to date, customized, auto-installing, and far less time-sucking than your original.

      We're going to walk through how to create a customized Windows disc image, using your Windows install DVD (or pre-installed Windows setup files) and the RT7Lite app. RT7Lite covers both Windows 7 and Vista, 32-bit and 64-bit editions. If you were looking to create a customized XP CD or DVD, our previous guide to slipstreaming Windows XP with Service Pack 3 still stands, but we have to recommend upgrading at this point. In fact, creating a customized Windows 7 installation medium, with service packs already installed and unnecessary elements removed, is a good way to replace XP, or Vista, with Windows 7.

      What's the Point?

      • Quicker Installations: As mentioned above, one major benefit of creating a "slipstreamed" Windows installation disc is that you can roll all the various updates and drivers you need into one standalone installation—a process that can cut down a new installation significantly.
      • Speed: You can create a lighter version of Windows, including only the features you want, and leaving the bloat behind.
      • Customization: Set your default themes, fonts, wallpapers, logon screen, system sounds, screensavers, and more, all baked into your system as soon as you install (or reinstall).

      What You'll Need

      • Windows 7 (or Vista) DVD, ISO, or pre-installed setup files: That is, you'll need a physical disc, a copied disc image, or (possibly) pre-installed setup/recovery files on your system.
      • Valid Windows product key: RT7Lite only creates a new disc; it doesn't change Microsoft's registration and validation systems.
      • At least 7 GB hard drive space: Enough to copy your Windows disc onto your hard drive, then create a new disc image for burning, with a bit of buffer room. If you already have your Windows disc image, you'll just need space for a new DVD (around 4.5 GB max).
      • Blank DVD-R or USB stick: In the case of a USB stick, it should be at least 4 GB in size.

      Step One: Install RT7Lite and Import Your Windows Disc

      Head over to RT7Lite's homepage and hit the Downloads section. The layout doesn't make it quite clear which links correspond to which versions, and the big Download "buttons" are just images that don't offer clicks. Look for the text links below each Download image. If you're looking to integrate Windows 7's Service Pack into your disc, you'll want to scroll down to the beta releases. That service pack includes all the patches, security fixes, and other updates from its first year and a half of existence, so I'd recommend snagging the beta. Download the appropriate 32-bit or 64-bit dowload for your system (the system you're working on, not the Windows disc you intend to create), install RT7Lite, and launch it.

      When you first start RT7Lite, you'll see a shiny Windows icon and lots of grayed-out buttons—so, not many options. The first step is to look in the middle of the window for the "Browse" button. Assuming you don't have a Windows 7 disk already copied, click that button, then choose "Select OS Path" from the small box that drops down. Insert your Windows 7 DVD and select the drive letter—or, if your system came pre-loaded with a Windows 7 "recovery" section, point RT7Lite to that directory. If you've already copied your Windows 7 DVD to a folder on your hard drive, you can point to that folder. Finally, if you have an ISO image of a Windows 7 installation disk, you can choose "Select ISO file" from the initial drop-down and then select that for your source.

      When RT7Lite is done scanning your setup files, it will ask which version of Windows you want to create a disk for. Go with whatever version you have a license key for, obviously, but before you hit OK, check the box to "Slipstream Service Pack." RT7Lite will then ask you to provide a location for your service pack. On Vista, sadly, you can't jump the line and download Service Pack 2. If your Vista system didn't ship with Service Pack 1 pre-installed, you'll have to roll Service Pack 1 into your system; either way, you can grab your Vista service pack here. Windows 7 users have one service pack available at the moment; downloading it requires running an activation test. Once you've grabbed your .exe service pack file, you can load it into RT7Lite when prompted, and, after some work, the updates from that service pack are included in your upcoming disc.

      Note: If you're using the stable version of RT7Lite, you'll need to load ".MSU" files into RT7Lite, as it won't accept service packs in .exe form. Search for something akin to "windows vista service pack 2 msu" to find a download for use with RT7Lite.

      Step Two: Customize Your Install Disc

      Beyond getting your Windows system up to date on the disc, you can make a lot of tweaks to the system you're installing. You can automatically install Firefox or Chrome and have Internet Explorer be non-existent, for example, and have your drivers and select updates pre-installed. You can reduce or eliminate Windows' question prompts during the install, and add or remove components you don't need.

      Once your setup files and service pack are loaded, click the "Task" menu on the left side of the RT7Lite window, and you'll be prompted to check and enable aspects of the disc you want to customize. You'll need to at least enable the "ISO-Bootable" section at a minimum, but here's what each of those other elements does, in a nutshell:

      Integration: Add Windows Updates, Drivers, Languages, and Apps

      Whatever you want to add to your Windows disc, you'll need to download. For Updates and Language Packs, you'll want to grab them from either Microsoft itself (via the Download Center), or through a site like The Software Patch. The updates should arrive as MSU files; stash all the updates you'd like into a folder, then click the "Add" button in the Updates tab and point to that folder.

      Adding drivers for those components you know will need them upon re-installing requires grabbing the driver packages from your manufacturer's download site. If the drivers arrive as a compressed package, you should be able to navigate to the correct .INF file and include that with your RT7Lite install. If the package arrives as an executable .exe file, you'll need a decompression tool like 7-Zip to open the executable and pluck out the .INF file.

      Apps are fairly easy to add, but you'll need to find apps that offer a "silent switch"—or, apps that can install without asking any questions of the user. Luckily, many apps do offer silent installs, even if they're not apparent to the user. One easy way to find them is to grab the Universal Silent Switch Finder (direct download link). Download that utility, run it, then load your installers into it from the ">" arrow on the right-hand side of the "File" option. Let's say you wanted to include Chrome in your installation, for example. Chrome normally installs over the web, but searching will net you a stand-alone installer, which, when run through the Universal Silent Switch Finder, will reveal a "/s" option that can be added for silent installation. "Add" the Chrome installer to RT7Lite, add "/s" to the "Command line switch" field, and now Chrome will install itself into Windows automatically. Nifty.

      Note: If you're not keen on tracking down all the apps you use, finding their switches, and adding their installers, you can use the very cool Ninite site/webapp to quickly install a whole bunch of apps after you've got Windows up and running. Not quite as convenient, but, then again, you'll get more up-to-date versions of your apps.

      Features Removal

      Just what it sounds like—a place where you can yank out some of Windows' default features. In Windows 7, at least, not many of them are big, obvious efficiencies, but a cleaner system appeals to some users. Items you really shouldn't remove are listed in red, although some items may still cause you problems if Windows wants to use their components down the line.


      This is the fun stuff, although "Customization" is pretty nifty, too. From Tweaks, you can go nuts changing settings you'd normally find deep, deep in the Windows registry. Some are fairly niche, but others—like the default font in Notepad, a preset UXtheme switch for custom styles, and others can be really handy and time-saving.


      Odd spelling, but you get what this section is doing. All the questions and prompts Windows hits you with while installing can be pre-answered, or set to be skipped, in this section and embedded into your installation disc. That way, you can slide in the disc, set it to start, and then actually do something else.


      The little things, but they make your system entirely yours. Change the default wallpaper, logon screen, theme, gadget selections, pre-installed documents, and more aesthetics.

      Step Three: Making Your Disc (or USB Stick, or Disc Image) and Try It

      From the "ISO-Bootable" section, choose how you want your Windows installation media to be made. You have options to write directly to a DVD-R or erase and rewrite a DVD-RW, create an ISO image on your hard disk, or write the image directly to a USB key. Launch the process from the button in the lower-right corner, then grab yourself a drink, or make yourself a sandwich. When you come back to your system, you should have a DVD, ISO, or thumb drive, ready to plug into a system. Assuming you didn't create an entirely automated installation, you should be able to see whether Windows' install prompts appear on screen, and then exit out if you were just testing out your disc/stick.

      That's the gist of creating your own Windows installation disc, whether you're just getting up-to-date on patches, or customizing the heck out of your system and saving yourself find-and-click time. Got questions, tips, or requests for other topics to be covered? Drop them in the comments, and we'll keep working on this guide.

      Tuesday, April 19, 2011

      IP6 tunnel in Ubuntu bij XS4ALL

      This blog is in Dutch, for it only works in Th Netherlands using the ISP XS4ALL

      Om een IP6 tunnel op te zetten in de verbinding met XS4All is het volgende nodig. Beter is een echte IP& verbinding te leggen, maar dan kan niet als je op een oude demon of cistron verbinding bent aangesloten. Ook heb je er de nieuwste modem voor nodig.

      Ga naar het servicecentrum:

      kies experimentele diensten en kies daaruit de IP6 tunnel:

      Voeg bij

      XS4ALL IPv6-tunnelbroker  

      het IP4 IP nummer in van je XS4ALL verbinding.

      Verder naar beneden in Tunnel management: activeer de tunnel.

      Debian/Ubuntu IPv6-configuratie
      • Voeg het volgende toe aan /etc/network/interfaces:
        auto xs6all
        iface xs6all inet6 v4tunnel
         up ip route add default via 2001:888:10:dfd::1
         address  2001:888:10:dfd::2
         netmask  64
         ttl  64
      • Start de interface met het commando "ifup xs6all"

      PC ook als IPv6-router:
      • Installeer radvd: "apt-get install radvd"
      • Voeg het volgende toe aan /etc/network/interfaces:
        iface eth0 inet6 static
         address  2001:888:1dfd::1
         netmask  64
      • Voeg het volgende toe aan /etc/sysctl.conf:
      • Voeg het volgende toe aan /etc/radvd.conf:
        interface eth0 {
         AdvSendAdvert on;
         AdvHomeAgentFlag off;
         prefix 2001:888:1dfd::/64 {
          AdvOnLink on;
                        AdvAutonomous on;
                        AdvRouterAddr off;
      • Reload sysctl settings met "sysctl -p"
      • Start ipv6 op eth0 met "ifdown eth0; ifup eth0"
      • Start radvd met "/etc/init.d/radvd start"

      Monday, April 18, 2011

      How To Manipulate PDFs with PDF Chain

      Article from maketecheasier

      There comes a time when every serious Linux user needs to do something more than read a PDF file. That something could be combining several PDFs into one file, splitting a file into individual pages, or pulling an attachment out of a PDF.

      Windows users have it easy. If they're willing to part with a few hundred dollars, they can use Adobe Acrobat for all of their PDF manipulation needs. On Linux, there's no one tool that does everything that Acrobat does. The closest is pdftk, a powerful command tool that's like a Swiss Army Knife for working with PDFs.

      pdftk's strength, and weakness, is that it's a command line utility. There's nothing wrong with the command line, but if you only use pdftk once in a while then you'll probably struggle to remember the commands that you need. Looking at the documentation for pdftk will just slow you down.

      So why not go GUI instead, and use PDF Chain?

      Getting and installing PDF Chain

      You can download and compile the source code from the PDF Chain Web site. If that's a bit too geeky for you, then check your distro's package manager for pdfchain. It's available in Fedora and Ubuntu, and probably a few other popular distributions.

      pdfChain main window

      PDF Chain can do a lot. Make that a lot. But most people will probably want to combine and split PDFs. Let's take a quick look at how to do all both.

      Combining PDFs

      Why would you want to combine PDF files? Maybe you're a student who has a bunch of papers you've collected for research. Maybe you're adding a cover to an ebook you've written. Or perhaps you want to rejoin the pages of a PDF that you split with PDF Chain.

      To get started, click the Add Some File button (it's the green plus sign). Then, find the PDF files that you want to combine in the dialog box that pops up.

      Ready to combine two PDFs

      When you're ready to go, click the Save button. Give the new PDF file a name, and then click OK. Merging the PDFs could take upwards of several seconds depending on how big they are.

      Remember that you're only limited to merging entire PDFs. You can tell PDF Chain which pages from each PDF to combine. Just double click in the Page(s) field. You can tell the application to merge a range of pages (say, 1-5) from each file or a number of pages (for example, 1,2,7,13,21).

      Splitting PDFs

      Splitting a PDF is just as easy, but it can be a little messier. When splitting a file, PDF Chain takes a PDF and breaks all the pages out into individual files. Like I said, messy. But it is effective.

      Splitting a PDF

      In PDF Chain, click the Split tab. Then, click the Add button to find the PDF that you want to break apart. If you want, type a prefix for the split files in the Prefix field. The prefix will be the first part of the name of each of the resulting PDF files – for example, Sheet01.

      Once you're ready to go, click the Save button. Tell PDF Chain where to save the files, and then click OK. Depending on how many pages are in the original PDF, it can take several seconds for the process to finish.

      Is that all?

      Hardly. PDF Chain can also fill PDF forms, extract data from PDF forms, add a watermark to a file, and even pull out any files that might be attached to a PDF that you're working with. You can also apply passwords and encryption to the PDFs that you create or split, as well as block anyone from printing, copying, or modifying the PDFs.

      PDF Chain is powerful and flexible. While it can be a bit on the quick and dirty side, PDF Chain is a useful tool when you have to manipulate PDFs files. It's one of those applications that you might only use once in a while, but when you do you're glad you have it.

      How To Send Text Messages (SMS) From Google Chat

      Article from maketecheasier


      Sending text messages from the web has been fraught with inconveniences such as saving conversations in one location, being able to receive messages easily and sending updates without paying outrageous fees. There are a few workarounds but one of the easier yet more unknown feature lies in Google's Chat function.

      Enable SMS in Labs

      Sending text messages from Google Chat is easy to enable but hidden in Google's experimental feature base called Labs. To add text messaging capability to your account, log in and select the gear icon located in the top right of the window. From the drop down choose "Labs" and you'll be taken to Beta and other experimental features available for Gmail.


      The selections you need to enable are listed as "SMS (text messaging) in Chat" and "SMS in Chat gadget." Both of these features must be enabled to send, receive and display text messages when logged in to Gmail through the web interface.


      Sending Text Messages In Gchat

      Before you can start sending text messages from Gmail, you need to build a list of contacts that include names and numbers. If you use some sort of contact sync tool such as Address Book in OS X or Android's native contact tool, you should already have names, numbers and emails attached to your contacts. If not, click Contacts in the top left navigation bar and add the appropriate information.

      To send a text start typing the name or number of a contact and a menu bar should pop up with their number and an option to send a SMS. A normal chat window will appear but will send text messages (or an IM if they sign on with Google Chat) to their phone. Incoming messages will show up in this same window and act as a typical chat conversation.

      However, there are some downsides to using Gmail for sending text messages. While the service itself is free, you are initially limited to 50 messages but gain 5 more when you receive a new message. If you manage to finish your quota of available text messages, your count will be increased to one in 24 hours.

      A quick and dirty trick to get additional messages

      If you feel that 50 messages are insufficient for your usage, a quick and dirty way is to send an SMS to your own phone, and then reply to that message multiple times. Since each time you receive a SMS in Gchat, your quote increases by 5, by replying the message from your mobile time (say 10 times), you are effectively doubling your message count. This will work for those who have free SMS usage on their mobile phone.

      Sunday, April 17, 2011

      Mount Vfat in Linux Mint Debian LMDE

      In Linux Mint Debian 64 bit The installer was't capable of making a working entry in FSTAB to automount an fat partition on startup. To solve this edit Fstab from a terminal:
      gksu gedit /etc/fstab

      In FSTAB add:

      UUID=8385-8482  /media/grub2    vfat    users,gid=users,umask=0002,utf8 0 0

      in users and groups (gebruikers en groepen) in the main menu add all users to the group user

      close gedit
      in terminal give the command:

      sudo mkdir /media/grub2
      sudo mount -a

      And the fat16 of fat32  drive will be mounted on startup. 

      Note: change the UUID to the UUID of your fat partition. You can check the UUID from within GParted. Change the directoryname  to whatever you want it to be, but do that the same way in Fstab and in /media

      It's strange that this should be done this way. In Ubuntu 10.10 32bit it was enough to have this line in fstab:
      UUID=8385-8482  /media/grub2    vfat    utf8,umask=007,gid=46 0       1
      as the installer of ubuntu does. The reason for that: I don't know.