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Sunday, October 30, 2011

Things to do After Installing Ubuntu 11.10 Oneiric Ocelot

In this section I show different tricks to install additional things in Ubuntu and fine tune the system for different needs.Things I really want out of the box is multimedia support and a lot of software. Tools, science, games and browser plugins. I explain here how to make a nice working system. You can run one script to change the lot, or pick out the things you like and tweak your system the way you like.
For more and other tips you can read the Muktware manual.

I installed a lot of software that's not installed by default. It's all explained in this section. For my convenience I made a script to install the basics on both my laptops and desktop. Here is the script: DOWNLOAD  to do it all in one except the things I noted below. The script is no more than a batchfile running a lot of installationcommands from the standard repositories and sometimes adds a new one. It's all explained below.
When you do run the script, don't forget to check for hardware drivers.
To execute the script save it in the download directory in your home directory and make it executable. (Use Nautilus, right click and select properties, rights and enable the executable bit)
or in a terminal type:
sudo chmod +x  /home/yourname/downloads/

And change yourname to your real loginname
Many things about this post will be similar to my previous write up on things you need to do after installing Ubuntu 10.10 Maverick Meerkat. and things you need to know after installing Natty Narwall But not everything. Ubuntu with classic GNOME desktop is now defunct and Ubuntu Unity has come to replace it. Unity is the new face of Ubuntu and there will be no more special desktop and netbook editions of Ubuntu. Instead, Ubuntu Unity will simply took its place. Now, let's take a look into the things you need to do after installing Ubuntu 11.10 Oneiric Ocelot.

Installing Restricted Extras and Updating Repositories During Ubuntu Installation
  • You can now install restricted codecs package(which include Adobe Flash, MP3 codecs and such) during installation of Ubuntu OS itself.
Things to do After Installing Ubuntu 11.04
  • Notice the arrows pointing to the boxes in the screenshot above. If you tick both of them during the Ubuntu installation process(make sure you are connected to the internet before doing so), restricted extras package will be installed automatically and you will be able to play mp3's and watch flash videos(YouTube videos for example) out of the box. 
  • But there is a catch. If you have a slow internet connection(which is very rare these days), ticking the boxes shown in the screenshot above will unnecessarily lengthen the installation process. I for one prefer to do all that after installing Ubuntu. If you are like me, the next two steps are for you.
Update Repositories
  • After you install brand new Ubuntu 11.10, the first thing you need to do is to update repositories and make sure you have the latest updates installed(Like I said before, you need to do this only if you haven't ticked the boxes shown in the above screenshot).
  • Open Terminal(Ubuntu 11.10 Classic Keyboard Shortcut: Ctrl + Alt + T) and copy-paste the following command into Terminal.
sudo apt-get update && sudo apt-get upgrade
  • Done. Ubuntu repositories have been successfully updated. 
Install Ubuntu Restricted Extras
  • Install the "ubuntu-restricted-extras" package. This will enable your Ubuntu to play popular file formats like mp3, avi, Flash videos etc. Click Here OR simply copy-paste the command below into Terminal to install the package(You need not do this also if you have ticked the 'right' boxes).
sudo apt-get install ubuntu-restricted-extras
  • Done
Enable Full DVD Playback(Dual Layer DVD Support)
  • Though installing the restricted extras package will solve most of your problems, you may not be able to play dual layer dvds yet in your Ubuntu.
  • For that, you need to install libdvdcss2 package from medibuntu repositories. Simply do the following in Terminal.
sudo wget --output-document=/etc/apt/sources.list.d/medibuntu.list$(lsb_release -cs).list && sudo apt-get --quiet update && sudo apt-get --yes --quiet --allow-unauthenticated install medibuntu-keyring && sudo apt-get --quiet update
sudo apt-get install libdvdcss2
  • Done.

Check For Availability of Proprietary Hardware Drivers

Things to do After Installing Ubuntu 11.04
  • In my case, the hardware drivers including Nvidia graphics, sound and wireless drivers were enabled automatically. I didn't have to install the Nvidia drivers by hand anymore.
  • Check for additional drivers available and activate the ones you want. In 90% of the cases, this will do the trick. Those who were not able to get their hardware drivers enabled yet will have to do fair amount of digging through ubuntuforums.

Install Compiz Config Settings Manager

Things to do After Installing Ubuntu 11.04
  • Compiz desktop effects are available in your Ubuntu by default and if you have any kind of 3D acceleration available(graphics driver ie), you are good to go with Compiz.
  • Now to tweak Compiz desktop effects in Ubuntu, you need to install "compizconfig-settings-manager" package. Click Here OR simply copy paste the following command into Terminal to install "compizconfig-settings-manager".
sudo apt-get install compizconfig-settings-manager
  • Done. Compiz Config Settings Manager(CCSM) is significant as far as Ubuntu 11.10 Oneiric Ocelot is concerned. I will get to that later on.


Software I can't do without
Some of the applications that I regularly use in Ubuntu are not available by default. And all of them are available in the default Ubuntu 11.10 rep except these with a *. For these programs you need an alternative repository that can be added to your system using a ppa. Read on:

xsane (easier scanner GUI)  
GFTP (Easy file transfer)

Samba (to share folders on your local network)

Eye of Gnome plugins,  (to make EoG better)

Exaile music player,  (An easy to use music player)

Sound Juicer (cd rip tool)
VLC DVD player (A very versatile media player. It plays anything)
Audacity (The best audio editor)
The GIMP (The GNU Image Manipulation Program)
Keepassx (Manage your passwords crossplatform)
Chromium web Browser (The open source version of Chrome, the Firefox alternative)
Stellarium  (Your own planetarium) (You may also install a newer version with its own ppa)
Kompozer (To make HTML pages with wysiwig)
Mozilla Thunderbird  (Read and write email)
Grsync (Sync directories in your system)
Klibido (Read usenet binaries) (Alas not available anymore)
Gwenview a kde viewer
Geeqie another versalite viewer 
Thunar the XCFE filebrowswer with an awesome batch rename function
PDFshuffler split and merge pdf files 
fcrackzip to crack ZIP passwords
k9copy copy DVD's and reduce them to max 4.5 Gb
k3b a versatile CD and DVD burning tool. 
Celestia A multi view planetarium
Phatch A batch renamer and photo resize. manual
UMplayerA versatile media player, including youtube recording. 
QTQr* A Qr encoder and decoder using the webcam
YPPAmanager* a program to manage additional program repositories
PiTiVi a new versatile video editing program
Lives for better video editing
Transmagedon another great video editor
UNrar and 7zip for unzipping and zipping files.

Install them using a terminal with this command:
sudo apt-get install transmageddon unrar-free p7zip-full pitivi lives umplayer phatch celestia-gnome celestia celestia-common-nonfree k3b k9copy gftp fcrackzip pdfshuffler sound-juicer thunar gwenview geeqie gparted system-config-samba xsane eog-plugins exaile vlc audacity gimp keepassx stellarium chromium-browser kompozer thunderbird grsync 
And some games for the children:
sudo apt-get install tuxpaint gcompris kbreakout kollision ktuberling ktron kspaceduel planets frozen-bubble supertux supertuxkart  extremetuxracer gnome-breakout  pacman torcs micropolis lincity-ng  pychess

Install Dutch language libraries using a terminal with this command:

sudo apt-get install gimp-help-nl kde-l10n-nl language-pack-kde-nl-base  language-pack-kde-nl childsplay-alphabet-sounds-nl chromium-browser-l10n gcompris-sound-nl thunderbird-locale-nl 
And the tools with a separate PPA:

QTQR, Y-ppa-manager

sudo add-apt-repository ppa:webupd8team/y-ppa-manager
sudo add-apt-repository ppa:qr-tools-developers/qr-tools-stable
sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install y-ppa-manager qtqr

Back in time backup software

sudo add-apt-repository ppa:bit-team/stable 
sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install backintime-gnome

Install DockBarX 0.44 in Ubuntu from the WebUpd8 PPA

As usual, DockBarX is available in the main WebUpd8 PPA for Ubuntu 10.04, 10.10 and 11.04. It also works under Ubuntu 11.10 but not as a GNOME3 panel applet.

Add the PPA and install DockBarX 0.44 using the commands below:

sudo add-apt-repository ppa:nilarimogard/webupd8
sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install dockbarx dockbarx-themes-extra

To also install the Avant Window Navigator DockBarX applet, use the following command:

sudo apt-get install awn-applet-dockbarx

Then, to use DockBarX:
  • with GNOME 2.x Panel: right click the panel, select "Add to panel" and add "DockBarX".
  • with Avant Window Navigator: in the AWN preferences, add DockBarX to your dock
  • as a stand-alone dock: press ALT + F2 and enter: "dockx".

For configuring DockBarx, a new "DockBarX Preference" entry should be available in your menu.

Furtherone you may need a PDF stitcher if pdfshuffler doesn't suit your needs:  Couturier
You can download the .deb file and install this program. It offers the option of stitching PDF files into one larger file. Direct link
Second direct link
Parental control
The nanny project may suit your needs. Read more about it here
sudo add-apt-repository ppa:nannysudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install nanny

A nice wallpaper called Xplanet

The DEB Packet is available via repository. Please keep in mind to never trust external repositories!  Even though I will never upload any shit to this repo I recomment the old scool way regardless: add the RSS to your favorite feed reader and fetch the package from the header of this website. The repository is signed (same goes for the packages, too) so you can be kind of “shure” that the stuff is what it is expected to be.

sudo wget -O - | sudo apt-key add -
echo "deb /" | sudo tee -a /etc/apt/sources.list
sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install xplanetFX
If you want to download a .deb or a .rpm please go to:

Early Feb 2011 there was a new release with many improvements. Some of these include: -
  • Consistency between tabs, padding and buttons used throughout
  • ‘Display’ now gives a more accurate preview of changes
  • ‘View’ Position widget has colour, a new grid, more
  • The application has a new Splash screen and application icon
Amongst those changes come a few new features, notably: -
  • Ability to change corona blur
  • Star field can be zoomed
  • More shadow options
  • Faster rendering time


The latest release of XPlanetFX, provided pre-packaged as a .deb, can be downloaded @
Once installed the application can be launched the from the ‘Applications > Accessories’ sub-menu.


This is a simple tool that allows you to search for PPAs and install them without hitting the terminal. It also allows you to manage (add/remove/purge) your existing PPAs with a few clicks.


Open a terminal (hopefully this will be the last time you install PPA via the terminal) and type:
sudo add-apt-repository ppa:webupd8team/y-ppa-manager
sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install y-ppa-manager
Once installed, go to “Applications -> System Tools -> Y PPA Manager“.

Grub Customizer for customizing Grub2 
sudo add-apt-repository ppa:danielrichter2007/grub-customizer
sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install grub-customizer

To use it, you have to right click on the panel and select “Add to Panel” From the window that pop up, select “Recent Notification”.
You should now see a new applet in your Gnome panel.
Simply click the applet and it will show a window with all your past notification 



FerchulO said...

nice tips, dank u well!!


Thank u, it is much helpful to beginners.


This is very much helpful to beginners.
thank you

Robertino said...

Very helpfull.
Just added some nice "features" to XBMCbuntu with your advise as reference.

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